I. Study of a single picture.
  • Subject of the picture, and how expressed by the artist.
  • Scene of picture, indoors, outdoors, city, country, season, etc.
  • Time of day (if expressed) and how shown.
  • Principal objects of interest, and how made prominent by artist.
  • Subordinate objects and why introduced.
  • Sentiment of picture—gay, sad, action, repose, etc.
  • Composition:
    (A) Division into large spaces.
    (B) Location and shape of principal objects.
    (C) Distribution of light and dark.
    (D) Coloring of picture if this can be learned.
  • Name, nationally, approximate date of work, tastes and character of artist.
  • Present location of original, and value as a work of art.
II. Study of one artist.
  • Secure portrait of artist and as many of his works as possible.
  • General character of pictures—religious, nature, animal, peasant, portrait, etc.
  • Sentiment expressed—gay, sad, action, repose, etc.
  • Variety of subjects interpreted by artist.
  • Subjects apparently preferred by artists.
  • Strongest points in composition:
    (A) Handling of mass (form).
    (B) Handling of light and dark (chiaroscuro).
    (C) Handling of color.
    (D) Mastery of drawing—simplicity or much detail.
  • Name, nationality, approximate date of best work, tastes and character of artist.
  • Present location of best works, and their value as works of art.
  • Position of artist as a master during life time and at present.
  • Personal choice of favorite picture with reason for choice.
III. Comparative study of pictures or artists.
  • Choose pictures similar in subject by different artists, as*:
    Shepherdess—Millet and Lerolle.
    Peasant life—Millet and Breton.
    Landscape—Corot and Ruysdael.
    Animal—Landseer and Troyon.
    Religion—Raphael and Michael Angelo.
    Portrait—Rembrandt and Van Dyck.
  • Name all points of similarity in material chosen by artists to express the thought.
  • Name all points of difference.
  • Compare sentiment expressed—gay, sad, action, repose, etc.
  • Compare composition as shown by:
    (A) Distribution of masses.
    (B) Distribution of light and dark.
    (C) Location of principal objects.
    (D) Use of subordinate details.
    (E) Coloring of it can be learned.
  • Compare tastes and character of artists.
  • Compare rank of artists as masters.
  • Compare value of pictures as works of art.
  • Personal choice of picture preferred with reason for choice
*Comparing two pictures only is the simplest method. Too many pictures confuse the pupils.

IV. Study of Schools of Art.
  • Choose several of the best works of each artist in a given school, with the portraits of the artists if possible. Arrange each artist's work in a group.
  • By study of all the groups determine the general character of the work of the school, religious, nature, portraits, etc.
  • General points of similarity in the several groups.
  • Two or more characteristics of each artist's work as an individual, dependent upon his personal tastes and character.
  • Compare mastery of drawing.
  • Compare mastery of composition.
  • Compare mastery of light and dark.
  • Compare mastery of color.
  • Name, approximate date and chief value of the work of the school in the advancement of art.
  • Comparative position of artists as masters.
  • Value of pictures as works of art.
  • Present location of one or more originals best representing the school.
  • Personal choice of picture, with reason for choice.
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